The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and regulation of alkaline phosphatases in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.

The effect of retinoic acid and dexamethasone on alkaline phosphatase (AP) expression was investigated in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Cellular AP activity was induced significantly by retinoic acid or dexamethasone in a time-dependent and dose-dependent fashion. A marked synergistic induction of AP activity was observed when the cells were incubated with both agents simultaneously. Two AP isozymes, tissue-nonspecific (TNAP) and intestinal ( IAP), were shown to be expressed in MCF-7 cells as confirmed by the differential rate of thermal inactivation of these isozymes and RT-PCR. Based on the two-isozyme thermal-inactivation model, the specific activities for TNAP and IAP in each sample were analyzed. TNAP activity was induced only by retinoic acid and IAP activity was induced only by dexamethasone. Whereas dexamethasone conferred no significant effect on TNAP activity, retinoic acid was shown to inhibit IAP activity by approximately 50%. Interestingly, TNAP was found to be the only isozyme activity superinduced when the cells were costimulated with retinoic acid and dexamethasone. Northern blot and RT-PCR analysis were then used to demonstrate that the steady-state TNAP mRNA level was also superinduced, which indicates that the superinduction is regulated at the transcriptional or post-transcriptional levels. In the presence of the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486, the dexamethasone-mediated induction of IAP activity was blocked completely as expected. However, the ability of RU486 to antagonize the action of glucocorticoid was greatly compromised in dexamethasone-mediated superinduction of TNAP activity. Furthermore, in the presence of retinoic acid, RU486 behaved as an agonist, and conferred superinduction of TNAP gene expression in the same way as dexamethasone. Taken together, these observations suggest that the induction of IAP activity by dexamethasone and the superinduction of TNAP by dexamethasone were mediated through distinct regulatory pathways. In addition, retinoic acid plays an essential role in the superinduction of TNAP gene expression by enabling dexamethasone to exert its agonist activity, which otherwise has no effect.[1]


  1. Expression and regulation of alkaline phosphatases in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Tsai, L.C., Hung, M.W., Chen, Y.H., Su, W.C., Chang, G.G., Chang, T.C. Eur. J. Biochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities