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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacologic characterization of the oxytocin receptor in human uterine smooth muscle cells.

[(3)H]-oxytocin was used to characterize the oxytocin receptor found in human uterine smooth muscle cells (USMC). Specific binding of [(3)H]-oxytocin to USMC plasma membranes was dependent upon time, temperature and membrane protein concentration. Scatchard plot analysis of equilibrium binding data revealed the existence of a single class of high-affinity binding sites with an apparent equilibrium dissociation constant (K(d)) of 0.76 nM and a maximum receptor density (B(max)) of 153 fmol mg(-1) protein. The Hill coefficient (n(H)) did not differ significantly from unity, suggesting binding to homogenous, non-interacting receptor populations. Competitive inhibition of [(3)H]-oxytocin binding showed that oxytocin and vasopressin (AVP) receptor agonists and antagonists displaced [(3)H]-oxytocin in a concentration-dependent manner. The order of potencies for peptide agonists and antagonists was: oxytocin>[Asu(1,6)]-oxytocin>AVP= atosiban>d(CH(2))(5)Tyr(Me)AVP>[Thr(4),Gly(7)]-oxytocin>dDAVP, and for nonpeptide antagonists was: L-371257>YM087>SR 49059>OPC-21268>SR 121463A>OPC-31260. Oxytocin significantly induced concentration-dependent increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and hyperplasia in USMC. The oxytocin receptor antagonists, atosiban and L-371257, potently and concentration-dependently inhibited oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia. In contrast, the V(1A) receptor selective antagonist, SR 49059, and the V(2) receptor selective antagonist, SR 121463A, did not potently inhibit oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia. The potency order of antagonists in inhibiting oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia was similar to that observed in radioligand binding assays. In conclusion, these data provide evidence that the high-affinity [(3)H]-oxytocin binding site found in human USMC is a functional oxytocin receptor coupled to [Ca(2+)](i) increase and cell growth. Thus human USMC may prove to be a valuable tool in further investigation of the physiologic and pathophysiologic roles of oxytocin in the uterus. British Journal of Pharmacology (2000) 129, 131 - 139[1]


  1. Pharmacologic characterization of the oxytocin receptor in human uterine smooth muscle cells. Tahara, A., Tsukada, J., Tomura, Y., Wada, K., Kusayama, T., Ishii, N., Yatsu, T., Uchida, W., Tanaka, A. Br. J. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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