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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibitory effects of amiodarone and its N-deethylated metabolite on human cytochrome P450 activities: prediction of in vivo drug interactions.

AIMS: To predict the drug interactions of amiodarone and other drugs, the inhibitory effects and inactivation potential for human cytochrome P450 ( CYP) enzymes by amiodarone and its N-dealkylated metabolite, desethylamiodarone were examined. METHODS: The inhibition or inactivation potency of amiodarone and desethylamiodarone for human CYP activities were investigated using microsomes from B-lymphoblastoid cell lines expressing CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4. The in vivo drug interactions of amiodarone and desethylamiodarone were predicted in vitro using the 1+Iu/Ki values. RESULTS: Amiodarone weakly inhibited CYP2C9, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4-mediated activities with Ki values of 45.1-271.6 microm. Desethylamiodarone competitively inhibited the catalytic activities of CYP2D6 (Ki=4.5 microm ) and noncompetitively inhibited CYP2A6 (Ki=13.5 microm ), CYP2B6 (Ki=5.4 microm ), and CYP3A4 (Ki=12.1 microm ). The catalytic activities of CYP1A1 (Ki=1.5 microm, alpha=5.7), CYP1A2 (Ki=18.8 microm, alpha=2.6), CYP2C9 (Ki=2.3 microm, alpha=5.9), and CYP2C19 (Ki=15.7 microm, alpha=4.5) were inhibited by desethylamiodarone with mixed type. The 1+Iu/Ki values of desethylamiodarone were higher than those of amiodarone. Amiodarone inactivated CYP3A4, while desethylamiodarone inactivated CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B6, and CYP2D6. CONCLUSIONS: The interactions between amiodarone and other drugs might occur via the inhibition of CYP activities by its N-dealkylated metabolite, desethylamiodarone, rather than by amiodarone itself. In addition, the inactivation of CYPs by desethylamiodarone as well as by amiodarone would also contribute to the drug interactions.[1]


  1. Inhibitory effects of amiodarone and its N-deethylated metabolite on human cytochrome P450 activities: prediction of in vivo drug interactions. Ohyama, K., Nakajima, M., Suzuki, M., Shimada, N., Yamazaki, H., Yokoi, T. British journal of clinical pharmacology. (2000) [Pubmed]
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