The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Probability of metabolic tissue recovery after thrombolytic treatment of experimental stroke: a magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging study in rat brain.

The effect of thrombolytic therapy on metabolic changes was studied in rats submitted to thromboembolic stroke. Reperfusion was initiated at three different time points, 1.5, 3, and 4.5 hours after embolism (n = 3 each), by injection of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Recovery was observed during 5 hours of reperfusion using perfusion-weighted images and a two-dimensional 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) technique. Temporal evolution of the cerebral metabolites lactate and N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) was determined. To analyze the chances of metabolic tissue recovery, the outcome of treatment, defined by a reversal of lactate concentration, was compared with the lactate intensity before treatment. In untreated animals (n = 4), clot embolism resulted in a drop of perfusion signal intensity in the occluded hemisphere followed by an increase of lactate concentration and a decrease of NAA that persisted throughout the observation period. Thrombolysis partially restored blood flow, but the mean lactate concentration decreased only slightly after successful lysis in animals treated 1.5 hours after embolism. If treatment was initiated later, no decline of lactate level was observed. Five hours after initiation of thrombolysis, the average tissue lactate amounted to 95 +/- 6, 111 +/- 17, and 139 +/- 60% of the early ischemic value (40 minutes after embolization) if treatment began 1.5, 3, and 4.5 hours after embolism, respectively. The NAA level declined slightly but never showed a recovery after rt-PA treatment. In individual pixels, the probability of metabolic tissue recovery clearly declined with increasing lactate concentration before thrombolysis. Interestingly, this probability was independent of treatment delay, but the number of pixels with low lactate declined with increasing ischemia time. Potential clinical applications of MRSI include monitoring of therapeutic intervention as well as support for prognosis of outcome after rt-PA treatment.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities