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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel type I fibroblast growth factor receptor activates mitogenic signaling in the absence of detectable tyrosine phosphorylation of FRS2.

A novel variant of the fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 (FGFR-1) was identified in human placental RNA. In this receptor (FGFR-1L) portions of the second and third immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) domains are deleted. To determine whether FGFR-1L was functional, full-length variant (pSV/FGFR-1L) and wild-type (pSV/FGFR-1) receptors were stably transfected into rat L6 myoblasts cells. Transfected L6 clones expressed respective proteins and bound (125)I- labeled FGF-2 with K(d) values of 99 pm (FGFR-1) and 26 pm (FGFR-1L). FGF-1 and FGF-2 competed efficiently with (125)I-FGF-2 for binding to FGFR-1 and FGFR-1L, whereas FGF-4 was less efficient. FGF-1, FGF-2, and FGF-4 enhanced mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) activity, increased steady-state c-fos mRNA levels, and stimulated proliferation through either receptor, whereas KGF was without effect. FGFR-1 expressing clones exhibited ligand- induced tyrosine phosphorylation of fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate 2 (FRS2), a 90-kDa adaptor protein that links FGFR-1 activation to the MAPK cascade. In contrast, tyrosine phosphorylation of FRS2 was not evident with FGFR-1L. In addition, phospholipase C-gamma was not tyrosine phosphorylated via activated FGFR-1L. These findings indicate that FGFR-1L binds FGF-1 and FGF-2 with high affinity and is capable of mitogenic signaling, but may activate MAPK to occur via non-classical signaling intermediates.[1]


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