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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP zeta is expressed in human cutaneous melanomas.

We describe the expression of a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP zeta (or RPTP beta) in human cutaneous melanomas as detected by means of immunohistochemistry. The expression of PTP zeta has been described to be restricted to the central nervous system. In developing mice brain high levels of PTP zeta have been detected indicating its developmental importance; PTP zeta is also expressed in glioblastoma and neuroblastoma. By the use of immunohistochemistry we detected PTP zeta in human primary and metastatic melanomas. The melanocytes of healthy skin remained negative. Due to the developmental origin of the melanocytes from neural crest, this represents a further example for transformed cells switching back to express molecules related to their ontogenetic history. These promising initial results have to be verified in larger scaled studies; the inclusion of nevi will be necessary to further elucidate the role of PTP zeta in melanocyte transformation and melanoma development.[1]


  1. A receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP zeta is expressed in human cutaneous melanomas. Goldmann, T., Otto, F., Vollmer, E. Folia Histochem. Cytobiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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