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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human cytosolic and mitochondrial folylpolyglutamate synthetase are electrophoretically distinct. Expression in antifolate-sensitive and -resistant human cell lines.

Folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) activity in CCRF-CEM human leukemia cells was found in the cytosolic ( approximately 67% of total) and mitochondrial ( approximately 22%) fractions. A polyclonal antipeptide antibody (430Ab) to human FPGS specifically recognized distinct immunoreactive bands ( approximately 60 kDa) present in each subcellular fraction. Human cytosolic FPGS (hcFPGS) migrated more rapidly than mitochondrial FPGS (hmFPGS); their estimated difference in molecular mass was 1 kDa. The human K562 acute nonlymphocytic leukemia and the A253 and FaDu head and neck cancer cell lines also expressed the two FPGS isoforms, and the ratio of hcFPGS to hmFPGS protein in each cell line was similar. Since K562 and A253 cells are intrinsically resistant to pulse methotrexate (MTX) exposure relative to CCRF-CEM and FaDu cells, respectively, because of decreased MTX polyglutamate synthesis (despite having similar levels of total FPGS activity expression), these data suggest that the natural difference in drug sensitivity cannot be explained by compartmentalization of FPGS activity. Higher expression of hmFPGS relative to hcFPGS was observed in some sublines of CCRF-CEM with acquired MTX resistance suggesting that differential expression of the hmFPGS isoform may contribute to MTX resistance caused by decreased FPGS activity.[1]


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