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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A chloride-activated Na(+)/HCO(3)(-)-coupled transport activity in corneal endothelial membranes.

Investigations of corneal endothelium were made to resolve the apparent contradiction of the presence of sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter ( NBC) in fresh and cultured cells and NBC's reported absence in isolated plasma membrane vesicles. Gradient-driven ion fluxes into the vesicles were measured. Short-term incubations (0-30 s) showed the presence of a bicarbonate-dependent inward sodium flux (BDSF), which was active when the insides of the vesicles were preloaded with chloride ions. The BDSF was absent if chloride was present only externally to the vesicles. Chloride at concentrations between 30 and 40 mM inside the vesicle had its maximum effect on BDSF. Other anions (acetate, thiocyanate, or gluconate) inside the vesicles did not mimic the chloride effect. Associated with the net inward sodium flux was a net inward bicarbonate flux. Hill plots of sodium influx with respect to external bicarbonate concentrations indicated that the stoichiometry of the net transfer was 1.7 +/- 0.2 (mean +/- standard error, n = 5) bicarbonate ions for each sodium ion transported. There was no net chloride flux found across the membrane vesicles. The finding of a novel chloride-activated NBC activity fully resolves the apparent contradiction between whole-cell and membrane vesicle preparations.[1]


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