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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Byr4 localizes to spindle-pole bodies in a cell cycle-regulated manner to control Cdc7 localization and septation in fission yeast.

Cytokinesis and septation in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe are studied as a model for mammalian cell division. In fission yeast, septation is positively regulated by Spg1, a Ras family GTPase that localizes to spindle-pole bodies (SPBs) throughout the cell cycle. As cells enter mitosis, Spg1 accumulates in an active, GTP-bound form and binds the Cdc7 protein kinase to cause Cdc7 translocation to SPBs. Cdc7 disappears from one SPB in mid-anaphase and from the second SPB in late mitosis. Byr4 plus Cdc16 negatively regulate septation by forming a two-component GTPase-activating protein for Spg1. These results led us to hypothesize that Byr4 localization to SPBs regulated the nucleotide state of Spg1, due to its ability to form Spg1GAP activity with Cdc16 and thus the binding of Cdc7 to Spg1 at SPBs. To test this hypothesis, Byr4 localization was determined using indirect immunofluorescence. This analysis revealed that Byr4 was localized to SPBs that did not contain Cdc7. In byr4(-) mutants, Cdc7 localized to interphase SPBs and only symmetrically localized to mitotic SPBs. In contrast, Byr4 overexpression prevented Spg1 and Cdc7 localization to SPBs. These results suggest that Byr4 localization to SPBs maintains Spg1 in an inactive form, presumably by stimulating Spg1 GTPase activity with Cdc16, and that loss of Byr4 from mitotic SPBs increases the active fraction of Spg1 and thereby increases Spg1-Cdc7 binding. Byr4 localization to SPBs was decreased in spg1, cdc16, sid4, and cdc11 mutants as well as in several mutants that affect medial F-actin structures, suggesting that multiple pathways regulate Byr4 localization to SPBs.[1]


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