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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Essential role of dynamin in internalization of M2 muscarinic acetylcholine and angiotensin AT1A receptors.

Most G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including the M(1) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR), internalize in clathrin-coated vesicles, a process that requires dynamin GTPase. The observation that some GPCRs like the M(2) mAChR and the angiotensin AT(1A) receptor (AT(1A)R) internalize irrespective of expression of dominant-negative K44A dynamin has led to the proposal that internalization of these GPCRs is dynamin-independent. Here, we report that, contrary to what is postulated, internalization of M(2) mAChR and AT(1A)R in HEK-293 cells is dynamin-dependent. Expression of N272 dynamin, which lacks the GTP-binding domain, or K535M dynamin, which is not stimulatable by phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate, strongly inhibits internalization of M(1) and M(2) mAChRs and AT(1A)Rs. Expression of kinase-defective K298M c-Src or Y231F,Y597F dynamin (which cannot be phosphorylated by c-Src) reduces M(1) mAChR internalization. Similarly, c-Src inhibitor PP1 as well as the generic tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein strongly inhibit M(1) mAChR internalization. In contrast, M(2) mAChR internalization is not (or is only slightly) reduced by expression of these constructs or treatment with PP1 or genistein. Thus, dynamin GTPases are not only essential for M(1) mAChR but also for M(2) mAChR and AT(1A)R internalization in HEK-293 cells. Our findings also indicate that dynamin GTPases are differentially regulated by c-Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation.[1]


  1. Essential role of dynamin in internalization of M2 muscarinic acetylcholine and angiotensin AT1A receptors. Werbonat, Y., Kleutges, N., Jakobs, K.H., van Koppen, C.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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