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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide enhances expression and shedding of tumor necrosis factor receptor I (p55) in endothelial cells.

The biological actions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are mediated by 2 distinct receptors, TNF-RI (p55) and TNF-RII (p75). The extracellular domains of both receptors are shed in soluble form (sTNF-RI and sTNF-RII). The soluble receptors are involved in regulating TNF-alpha activities and may have therapeutic potential as TNF-neutralizing agents. However, it remains unclear as to what kind of physiological molecule can regulate TNF receptors. Nitric oxide (NO) mediates a variety of biological and pathophysiological functions. We hypothesized that NO may modulate the expression and shedding of TNF-RI. An NO donor, diethylamine/NO complex ( NOC 5), increased sTNF-RI in the supernatants of ECV304, a human umbilical vein cell line, in a dose-dependent manner. TNF-RI mRNA in these cells was upregulated by NOC 5. 8-Br-cGMP and peroxynitrate had no effect on sTNF-RI release. Genistein and herbimycin A, inhibitors of tyrosine kinase, inhibited sTNF-RI release. Herbimycin A inhibited the levels of TNF-RI mRNA enhanced by NOC 5, which downregulated the surface expression of TNF-RI, indicating that NO is also involved in the shedding process of TNF-RI. The shedding of TNF-RI was abolished by a synthetic inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase, KB-R8301. In conclusion, NO enhanced the release of sTNF-RI from endothelial cells by a cGMP-independent mechanism. Dual pathways suggested for NO-induced sTNF-RI release include (1) enhanced expression of TNF-RI, at least partially, by a tyrosine kinase-dependent mechanism and (2) increased shedding of TNF-RI by a type of metalloproteinase.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide enhances expression and shedding of tumor necrosis factor receptor I (p55) in endothelial cells. Okuyama, M., Yamaguchi, S., Yamaoka, M., Nitobe, J., Fujii, S., Yoshimura, T., Tomoike, H. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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