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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of myogenesis by depletion of the glycogen-associated regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1 in rat skeletal muscle cells.

In this study, we examined the role of the glycogen-associated regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase-1 (PP-1(G)) in L6 rat skeletal muscle cell myogenesis. The level of PP-1(G) was depleted by transfection with an inducible antisense-oriented PP-1(G) gene. Western blot analysis of the PP-1(G)-depleted cell line revealed a >90% depletion of PP-1(G) protein and a 45% reduction in cellular PP-1 activity and abolished the ability of L6 myoblasts to differentiate into multinucleated myotubes. PP-1(G)-depleted cells also exhibited a marked reduction in the expression of the differentiation marker myogenin as well as creatine kinase. After 7 days in culture, PP-1(G)-depleted cells sustained myoblast levels of inhibitor of differentiation-2, whereas control L6 cells had a severely lower inhibitor of differentiation-2 level and progressed into myotubes. Myoblasts were unable to exit the cell cycle, as measured by the impaired induction of p27 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, a >2-fold increase in DNA synthesis, and elevated levels of phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein (pRb). Replacement of the PP-1(G) gene restored PP-1(G) protein expression, PP-1 enzymatic activity, and the ability to differentiate into myotubes. We conclude that PP-1(G) plays a definite role in L6 myogenesis via its regulation of PP-1 catalytic activity.[1]


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