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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct self-oligomerization activities of synaptotagmin family. Unique calcium-dependent oligomerization properties of synaptotagmin VII.

Synaptotagmins constitute a large protein family, characterized by one transmembrane region and two C2 domains, and can be classified into several subclasses based on phylogenetic relationships and biochemical activities (Fukuda, M., Kanno, E., and Mikoshiba, K. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 31421-31427). Synaptotagmin I ( Syt I), a possible Ca(2+) sensor for neurotransmitter release, showed both Ca(2+)-dependent (via the C2 domain) and -independent (via the NH(2)-terminal domain) self-oligomerization, which are thought to be important for synaptic vesicle exocytosis. However, little is known about the relationship between these two interactions and the Ca(2+)-dependent oligomerization properties of other synaptotagmin isoforms. In this study, we first examined the Ca(2+)-dependent self-oligomerization properties of synaptotagmin family by co-expression of T7- and FLAG-tagged Syts (full-length or cytoplasmic domain) in COS-7 cells. We found that Syt VII is a unique class of synaptotagmins that only showed robust Ca(2+)-dependent self-oligomerization at the cytoplasmic domain with EC(50) values of about 150 micrometer Ca(2+). In addition, Syt VII preferentially interacted with the previously described subclass of Syts (V, VI, and X) in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Co-expression of full-length and cytoplasmic portion of Syts VII (or II) indicate that Syt VII cytoplasmic domain oligomerizes in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner without being tethered at the NH(2)-terminal domain, whereas Ca(2+)-dependent self-oligomerization at the cytoplasmic domain of other isoforms (e.g. Syt II) occurs only when the two molecules are tethered at the NH(2)-terminal domain.[1]


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