The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Low glutathione peroxidase activity in Gpx1 knockout mice protects jejunum crypts from gamma-irradiation damage.

Gpx1 knockout (KO) mice had a higher number of regenerating crypts in the jejunum than did Gpx2-KO or wild-type mice analyzed 4 days after > or =10 Gy gamma-irradiation. Without gamma-irradiation, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity in the jejunal and ileal epithelium of Gpx1-KO mice was <10 and approximately 35%, respectively, of that of the wild-type mice. Four days after exposure to 11 Gy, GPX activity in wild-type and Gpx1-KO ileum was doubled and tripled, respectively. However, jejunal GPX activity was not changed. Thus the lack of GPX activity in the jejunum is associated with better regeneration of crypt epithelium after radiation. Gpx2 gene expression was solely responsible for the increase in GPX activity in the ileum, since radiation did not alter GPX activity in Gpx2-KO mice. The intestinal Gpx2 mRNA levels of Gpx1-KO and wild-type mice increased up to 14- and 7-fold after radiation, respectively. Although the Gpx1-KO jejunum had higher levels of PGE(2) than the wild-type jejunum after exposure to 0 or 15 Gy, these differences were not statistically significant. Thus whether GPX inhibits PG biosynthesis in vivo remains to be established. We can conclude that the Gpx2 gene compensates for the lack of Gpx1 gene expression in the ileal epithelium. This may have abolished the protective effect in Gpx1-KO mice against the radiation damage in the ileum.[1]


  1. Low glutathione peroxidase activity in Gpx1 knockout mice protects jejunum crypts from gamma-irradiation damage. Esworthy, R.S., Mann, J.R., Sam, M., Chu, F.F. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities