The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory protein expression in human choroidal melanoma tumors.

PURPOSE: Recent studies have demonstrated the close link between oncogenesis and cell cycle machinery. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory proteins (CKIs) have been shown to play a critical role in the regulation of cell cycle progression. Alteration of CKI levels and/or functions could be implicated in cell transformation. The three CKIs-p16, p21, and p27-were investigated in human uveal melanoma tumors, and an attempt was made to correlate their levels with clinicopathologic parameters, as well as to p53 and Ki-67 (Mib-1) protein levels. METHODS: Immunochemistry was performed on 32 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens of malignant choroidal melanoma. Immunoblot was performed to confirm the immunochemistry study. Prognostic histologic markers such as cell typing, pigmentation, larger tumor dimension, mitotic figures, nucleolar size, scleral invasion, and optic nerve head invasion were reported. RESULTS: Nuclear positivity for p16 was observed in 11 tumors (34%) without any association with clinicopathologic parameters. Tumor cells positive for p21 were detected in 12 choroidal melanomas (37%). Unexpectedly, a positive relationship was seen between p21 and scleral invasion (P: = 0.008). Nuclear positivity for p27 was observed in nine tumors (28%). An inverse correlation was observed between the number of mitotic figures and p27 immunoreactivity (P: = 0.03), as well as between Mib-1 positivity and p27 expression (P: = 0.02). Western blot assays of tumor extracts confirmed overexpression of p21 and p27. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that p21 and p27 may be involved in tumorigenesis in choroidal melanoma.[1]


  1. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory protein expression in human choroidal melanoma tumors. Mouriaux, F., Maurage, C.A., Labalette, P., Sablonnière, B., Malecaze, F., Darbon, J.M. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities