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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ligand-dependent interaction of hepatic fatty acid-binding protein with the nucleus.

Our studies were conducted to explore the role of hepatic fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) in fatty acid transport to the nucleus. Purified rat L-FABP facilitated the specific interaction of [(3)H]oleic acid with the nuclei. L-FABP complexed with unlabeled oleic acid decreased the nuclear association of [(3)H]oleic acid:L-FABP; however, oleic acid-saturated bovine serum albumin ( BSA) or fatty acid-free L-FABP did not. The peroxisome-proliferating agents LY171883, bezafibrate, and WY-14,643 were also effective competitors when complexed to L-FABP. Nuclease treatment did not affect the nuclear association of [(3)H]oleic acid:L-FABP; however, proteinase treatment of the nuclei abolished the binding. Nuclei incubated with fluorescein-conjugated L-FABP in the presence of oleic acid were highly fluorescent whereas no fluorescence was observed in reactions lacking oleic acid, suggesting that L-FABP itself was binding to the nuclei. The nuclear binding of FABP was concentration dependent, saturable, and competitive. LY189585, a ligand for L-FABP, also facilitated the nuclear binding of fluorescein-conjugated L-FABP, although it was less potent than oleic acid. A structural analog that does not bind L-FABP, LY163443, was relatively inactive in stimulating the nuclear binding. Potential interactions between L-FABP and nuclear proteins were analyzed by Far-Western blotting and identified a 33-kDa protein in the 500 mm NaCl extract of rat hepatocyte nuclei that bound strongly to biotinylated L-FABP. Oleic acid enhanced the interaction of L-FABP with the 33-kDa protein as well as other nuclear proteins.We propose that L-FABP is involved in communicating the state of fatty acid metabolism from the cytosol to the nucleus through an interaction with lipid mediators that are involved in nuclear signal transduction.[1]


  1. Ligand-dependent interaction of hepatic fatty acid-binding protein with the nucleus. Lawrence, J.W., Kroll, D.J., Eacho, P.I. J. Lipid Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
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