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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation of misfolded N-linked glycoproteins is suppressed upon inhibition of ER mannosidase I.

To examine the role of early carbohydrate recognition/trimming reactions in targeting endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-retained, misfolded glycoproteins for ER-associated degradation (ERAD), we have stably expressed the cog thyroglobulin (Tg) mutant cDNA in Chinese hamster ovary cells. We found that inhibitors of ER mannosidase I (but not other glycosidases) acutely suppressed Cog Tg degradation and also perturbed the ERAD process for Tg reduced with dithiothreitol as well as for gamma-carboxylation-deficient protein C expressed in warfarin-treated baby hamster kidney cells. Kifunensine inhibition of ER mannosidase I also suppressed ERAD in castanospermine-treated cells; thus, suppression of ERAD does not require lectin-like binding of ER chaperones calnexin and calreticulin to monoglucosylated oligosaccharides. Notably, the undegraded protein fraction remained completely microsome-associated. In pulse-chase studies, kifunensine-sensitive degradation was still inhibitable even 1 h after Tg synthesis. Intriguingly, chronic treatment with kifunensine caused a 3-fold accumulation of Cog Tg in Chinese hamster ovary cells and did not lead to significant induction of the ER unfolded protein response. We hypothesize that, in a manner not requiring lectin-like activity of calnexin/calreticulin, the recognition or processing of a specific branched N-linked mannose structure enhances the efficiency of glycoprotein retrotranslocation from the ER lumen.[1]


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