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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular determinants of coordinated proton and zinc inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate NR1/NR2A receptors.

Modulation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-selective glutamate receptors by extracellular protons and Zn(2+) may play important roles during ischemia in the brain and during seizures. Recombinant NR1/NR2A receptors exhibit a much higher apparent affinity for voltage-independent Zn(2+) inhibition than receptors with other subunit combinations. Here, we show that the mechanism of this apparent high-affinity, voltage-independent Zn(2+) inhibition for NR2A-containing receptors results from the enhancement of proton inhibition. We also show that the N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2A subunit contains critical determinants of the apparent high-affinity, voltage-independent Zn(2+) inhibition. Mutations H42A, H44G, or H128A greatly increase the Zn(2+) IC(50) (by up to approximately 700-fold) with no effect on the potencies of glutamate and glycine or on voltage-dependent block by Mg(2+). Furthermore, the amino acid residue substitution H128A, which mediates the largest effect on the apparent high-affinity Zn(2+) inhibition among all histidine substitutions we tested, is also critical to the pH-dependency of Zn(2+) inhibition. Our data revealed a unique interaction between two important extracellular modulators of NMDA receptors.[1]


  1. Molecular determinants of coordinated proton and zinc inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate NR1/NR2A receptors. Low, C.M., Zheng, F., Lyuboslavsky, P., Traynelis, S.F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2000) [Pubmed]
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