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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD8 depletion-induced late airway response is characterized by eosinophilia, increased eotaxin, and decreased IFN-gamma expression in rats.

There is an emerging body of knowledge defining the role of CD8(+) cells in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. We have previously demonstrated in sensitized Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats that depletion of CD8(+) cells caused an increase in the late airway response ( LAR) and cellular infiltration after antigen challenge. To better delineate the mechanism of CD8(+) cell involvement in the development of the LAR and airway inflammation, we investigated the pattern of chemokine and cytokine production after antigen challenge. SD rats were sensitized to ovalbumin ( OA) and subsequently treated with anti-CD8 (OX-8) monoclonal antibody (mAb) for the depletion of CD8(+) cells or with control mouse anti-rat IgG(1) mAb as a control procedure. After OA challenge, CD8- depleted SD rats developed an increased LAR when compared with control rats (area under the curve: 16.65 +/- 6.6 in CD8- depleted rats versus 5.39 +/- 2.0 in control animals; p < 0.05). Compared with the control animals, the increase in the LAR was accompanied by a significantly increased eosinophilic infiltration of the airways and was associated with increased eotaxin expression (both messenger RNA [mRNA] and protein) in the CD8-depleted group. There were no differences between the groups in RANTES or monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression. In addition, we found a significantly lower interferon gamma ( IFN-gamma) mRNA expression in the CD8-depleted rats, without any effects on interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 mRNA expression when measured either by semiquantitative reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or by in situ hybridization for the number of cells expressing these cytokines. Taken together, these results suggest that CD8(+) cells from sensitized SD rats exhibit the functional capacity to suppress the LAR, possibly through downregulation of eotaxin expression and increased expression of IFN-gamma mRNA.[1]


  1. CD8 depletion-induced late airway response is characterized by eosinophilia, increased eotaxin, and decreased IFN-gamma expression in rats. Allakhverdi, Z., Lamkhioued, B., Olivenstein, R., Hamid, Q., Renzi, P.M. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
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