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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone in rat tissues and plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.

Alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone in rat tissues and plasma were determined simultaneously by using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) with dual electrodes in the series mode. Biological samples were saponified in the presence of a mixture of butylated hydroxytoluene, ascorbic acid, and pyrogallol and then extracted with hexane. The compounds were separated on a C18 column using a mobile phase containing 95% methanol and 0.05 M sodium perchlorate as the supporting electrolyte. After HPLC separation, alpha-tocopherylquinone was first reduced at an upstream electrode at -500 mV Both alpha-tocopherol and the reduction product of alpha-tocopherylquinone were then oxidized downstream at +600 mV. Only the downstream electrode current was monitored for the determination. Linearity of the standard curves was obtained over the range 5-30 pmol for alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone. Minimum detectable quantities (S/N of 3) were 0.25 pmol for alpha-tocopherol and 0.31 pmol for alpha-tocopherylquinone. The method was applied to analysis of the contents of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopherylquinone in rat tissues and plasma. By hyperoxia, the content of alpha-tocopherol was decreased remarkably in lung, and in contrast, the contents of alpha-tocopherylquinone were increased in all tissues studied with the exception of plasma, though the content of alpha-tocopherylquinone in normal rats is quite small. The technique is particularly useful in the quantitation of the oxidation of alpha-tocopherol in biological samples.[1]


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