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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Role of type I interferons during macrophage activation by lipopolysaccharide.

Activation of macrophages by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is accompanied by the secretion of type I interferons (IFNs) which can act in an autocrine manner. We examined the role of type I IFNs in macrophage responses to LPS using bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) from IFNAR1-/- mice, which lack a component of the type I IFN receptor and do not respond to type I IFNs. We found that, unlike wild-type (WT) BMM, LPS-treated IFNAR1-/- cells failed to produce nitric oxide (NO), or express inducible NO synthase ( iNOS), indicating that type I IFNs are essential for all LPS-stimulated NO production in BMM. Exogenously added type II IFN (IFNgamma) rescued these responses in LPS-treated IFNAR1-/- BMM. In contrast to effects on NO, type I IFNs negatively regulated respiratory burst activity in LPS-primed BMM. We also found that while type I IFNs mediated the anti-proliferative effects of lower concentrations of LPS, at higher concentrations LPS acted in a type I IFNs-independent manner. Finally, we report that type I IFNs are a survival factor for BMM. Despite this, the ability of LPS to also prevent apoptosis in BMM was independent of type I IFNs. These findings highlight the diverse roles of type I IFNs in mediating LPS-stimulated macrophage responses.[1]

References

  1. Role of type I interferons during macrophage activation by lipopolysaccharide. Vadiveloo, P.K., Vairo, G., Hertzog, P., Kola, I., Hamilton, J.A. Cytokine (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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