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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Patterns of CD8 T cell clonal dominance in response to change in antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of change in antiretroviral therapy (ART) on patterns of CD8 T cell clonal dominance in HIV-infected children. Design: Seventeen HIV-infected children with plasma virus loads between 3.1 and 5.7 log10 were investigated before and after changes in ART. METHODS: CDR3 spectratyping was performed in 22 T cell receptor (TCR) Vbeta subfamilies by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in purified peripheral blood CD8 T cells in conjunction with CD4 cell counts, plasma HIV-RNA copies and lymphoproliferative assays (LPA). RESULTS: CD8 T cell clonal dominance in two or more Vbeta families was present in eight out of 17 children. After a change in therapy, 13 patients (76%) acquired new clones whereas three patients (17.6%) showed a loss in CD8 cell clones. An increase in the numbers of dominant clones correlated with an increase in percentage CD4 cell counts (P < 0.001) and with improved LPA responses to tetanus (P < 0.05) and alloantigens (P < 0.01). CD4 cell increase was associated with an initial mean gain of 3.1+/-2.1 CD8 cell clones, independent of a virological response. A loss of CD8 cell clones or failure to achieve CD4 T cell increase was associated with failure to achieve virological suppression. CONCLUSION: Children with chronic HIV infection manifest CD8 T cell clonal dominance, which appears to be dependent upon the adequacy of the CD4 cells. With optimization of therapy, a gain in clonal dominance is the predominant response, except in situations of failure to contain viral replication.[1]


  1. Patterns of CD8 T cell clonal dominance in response to change in antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children. Kharbanda, M., Than, S., Chitnis, V., Sun, M., Chavan, S., Bakshi, S., Pahwa, S. AIDS (2000) [Pubmed]
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