The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of antirheumatic gold salts on cytokine-induced neutrophil-dependent cytotoxicity for human endothelial cells.

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: To assess whether gold-containing disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs influenced the ability of human polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN) or nitric oxide (NO) to cause injury to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro (measured as release of 51Cr) after HUVEC had been activated with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). RESULTS: IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha caused a prominent PMN- mediated 51Cr release that was dose-dependently reduced when auranofin (AF) or gold sodium aurothiomalate (GSTM) were added to PMN and HUVEC in the assay system. This protective effect remained, with stimulus- and drug-specific variations, when HUVEC alone were treated with the drugs. Likewise, when HUVEC cytotoxicity was induced by exogenous NO (donated by S-nitroso-acetyl-penicillamine [SNAP]), AF and GSTM inhibited the injury significantly. Some observations indicated that PMN agonists, generated by TNF-alpha-activated HUVEC (e.g., IL-8), were modulated by the antirheumatic drugs. First, addition of AF, but not GSTM, reduced the generation of IL-8 by 65%. Secondly, TNF-alpha-activated HUVEC triggered a rapid, transient rise of cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations in previously quiescent PMN; this rise was obliterated by prior treatment of HUVEC with AF (but not with GSTM). When TNF-alpha-induced endothelial cytotoxicity was provoked by PMN lysates, AF and GSTM inhibited this injury significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, in this in vitro model of vasculitis, AF and GSTM reduced IL-1 beta- and TNF-alpha-induced and PMN-dependent HUVEC injury by interfering with intercellular signaling systems and cytotoxicity conferred by NO and PMN granula constituents.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities