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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Insufficient phosphorylation prevents fc gamma RIIB from recruiting the SH2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1.

Fc gamma RIIB are IgG receptors that inhibit immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-dependent cell activation. Inhibition depends on an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) that is phosphorylated upon Fc gamma RIIB coaggregation with ITAM-bearing receptors and recruits SH2 domain-containing phosphatases. Agarose bead-coated phosphorylated ITIM peptides (pITIMs) bind in vitro the single-SH2 inositol 5-phosphatases (SHIP1 and SHIP2) and the two-SH2 protein tyrosine phosphatases (SHP-1 and SHP-2). Phosphorylated Fc gamma RIIB, however, recruit selectively SHIP1/2 in vivo. We aimed here at explaining this discordance. We found that beads coated with low amounts of pITIM bound in vitro SHIP1, but not SHP-1, i.e. behaved as phosphorylated Fc gamma RIIB in vivo. The reason is that SHP-1 requires its two SH2 domains to bind on adjacent pITIMs. Consequently, the binding of SHP-1, but not of SHIP1, increased with pITIM density on beads. When trying to increase Fc gamma RIIB phosphorylation in B cells and mast cells, we found that concentrations of ligands optimal for Fc gamma RIIB phosphorylation failed to induce SHP-1 recruitment. SHP-1 was, however, recruited by Fc gamma RIIB when hyperphosphorylated following cell treatment with pervanadate. Our data suggest that Fc gamma RIIB phosphorylation may not be sufficient in vivo to enable the recruitment of SHP-1 but that (pathological?) conditions that would hyperphosphorylate Fc gamma RIIB might enable SHP-1 recruitment.[1]


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