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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parathyroid hormone-related protein down-regulates bone sialoprotein gene expression in cementoblasts: role of the protein kinase A pathway.

PTH-related protein (PTHrP) acts as a paracrine and/or autocrine regulator of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation and is implicated in tooth development. The current studies employed cementoblasts to determine the role(s) and mechanisms of PTHrP in regulating cementum formation. Results demonstrated that PTHrP repressed gene expression and protein synthesis of bone sialoprotein ( BSP) and abolished cementoblast-mediated biomineralization in vitro. The BSP gene inhibition required protein synthesis. The PTHrP analog (1-31) and other activators of the PKA pathway (3-isobutyl-1-methylxathine (IBMX), forskolin (FSK) and Sp-Adenosine-3', 5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate (Sp-cAMPss) also down-regulated BSP gene expression and blocked cementoblast-mediated biomineralization. In contrast, the PTHrP analog (7-34), a PTHrP antagonist, and the activators of the PKC pathway [phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu)] promoted BSP gene expression. In addition, the PKA pathway inhibitor (9-(2-tetrahydrofuryl) adenine (THFA) partially, but significantly reversed the PTHrP- mediated down-regulation of BSP gene expression. Furthermore, THFA alone significantly increased BSP messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in cementoblasts. In contrast, the inhibitor of the PKC pathway (GF109203X) did not reverse the PTHrP inhibitory effect on BSP gene expression. Furthermore, GF109203X alone dramatically reduced the BSP transcript levels. These data indicate that the cAMP/PKA pathway mediates the PTHrP- mediated down-regulation of BSP mRNA expression in cementoblasts; and furthermore, this pathway may, through an intrinsic inhibition mechanism, regulate the basal level of BSP mRNA expression. In contrast, the activation of PKC promotes BSP gene expression. These data provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in PTHrP regulation of cementogenesis.[1]


  1. Parathyroid hormone-related protein down-regulates bone sialoprotein gene expression in cementoblasts: role of the protein kinase A pathway. Ouyang, H., Franceschi, R.T., McCauley, L.K., Wang, D., Somerman, M.J. Endocrinology (2000) [Pubmed]
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