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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Four examples of anti-TSEN and three of TSEN-positive erythrocytes.

BACKGROUND: TSEN (MNS33) is a low-incidence antigen in the MNS blood group system encoded by hybrid glycophorin genes. TSEN is expressed by a unique amino acid sequence that results from the junction of GPA(58) to GPB(27), if the GPB carries S antigen. Until this study, only one example of anti-TSEN had been found. Antibody screening red blood cells (RBCs) positive for both S and s (ref. No. C873) reacted with four patient sera. Initially, the RBCs had been typed as S+s+, but later were typed as S-s+ in another laboratory. Two other RBC samples, one from a volunteer blood donor (D.L.), the other from a patient whose serum contained anti-En(a)FR (J.S.), also gave anomalous results when tested with anti-S. We suspected the presence of TSEN-positive hybrids on all three RBC samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reactive sera (O.B., E.C., S.K., R.F.) were tested against RBCs with normal MNS phenotypes and with TSEN-positive RBCs. The RBCs of D.L., J.S. and C873 were tested with anti-S whose reactivity with S+s+ TSEN+ RBCs had been established previously, and with the original example of anti-TSEN. Immunoblotting was performed on the C873, D.L. and J.S. RBC membranes using a monoclonal antibody to an epitope common to both glycophorin A and glycophorin B. RESULTS: The sera from O.B., E.C., S.K. and R.F. were strongly reactive on the indirect antiglobulin test with TSEN+ RBCs. The RBCs of C873, D.L. and J.S. were typed as TSEN+. Immunoblotting pattern of D.L. and C873 were consistent with TSEN heterozygotes, while that of J.S. was consistent with a TSEN homozygote. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the estimated number of screening events with C873 RBCs, the incidence of anti-TSEN is approximately 1 in 20,000 sera. The antibody is found in patients with and without documented exposure to allogeneic RBCs. All known examples of anti-TSEN are IgG, but their clinical significance is not known.[1]


  1. Four examples of anti-TSEN and three of TSEN-positive erythrocytes. Storry, J.R., Lindsay, G., Rolih, S., Co, A., Rodberg, K., Harris, T., Reid, M.E. Vox Sang. (2000) [Pubmed]
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