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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of ambroxol or bromhexine in pharmaceuticals by capillary isotachophoresis.

Expectorant drugs ambroxol (AX) and bromhexine (BX) were determined by capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) with conductimetric detection. The leading electrolyte (LE) was a buffer solution that contained 5 mM picolinic acid and 5 mM potassium picolinate (pH 5.2). The terminating electrolyte (TE) was 10 mM formic acid. The driving current was 80 microA (for approximately 200 s) or 50 microA (for approximately 350 s) and the detection current was 20 microA (a single analysis took about 8 min). The effective mobilities of AX and BX (evaluated with tetraethylammonium as the mobility standard) were 18.8 x 10(-9) m2 V(-1) s(-1) and 14.3 x 10(-9) m2 V(-1) s(-1) respectively. The calibration graphs relating the ITP zone length to the concentration of the analytes were rectilinear (r = 0.9993-0.9999) in the range 10 mg L(-1) (20 mg L(-1) for BX) to 200 mg l(-1) of the drug standard. The relative standard deviations (RSD) were 1.2 1.6% (n = 6) when determining 100 mg l(-1) of the analytes in pure test solutions. The method has been applied to the assay of AX or BX in seven commercial mass-produced pharmaceutical preparations. According to the validation procedure based on the standard addition technique the recoveries were 97.5-102.7% of the drug and the RSD values were 0.11-2.20% (n = 6).[1]


  1. Determination of ambroxol or bromhexine in pharmaceuticals by capillary isotachophoresis. Pospísilová, M., Polásek, M., Jokl, V. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. (2001) [Pubmed]
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