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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis with perirectal involvement mimicking Hirschsprung disease.

We describe a 25-year-old woman with diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis. During childhood, achalasia was mistakenly diagnosed in this patient. Subsequently, she underwent cardiomyotomy and developed symptoms of Hirschsprung disease. These symptoms were caused by infiltration of the esophageal and rectal walls by benign muscular hypertrophy. The pseudo-Hirschsprung disorder was manifested by chronic severe constipation, with consistent manometric findings. Clitoral hypertrophy and vulvar and periurethral leiomyoma were also present. Genetic analysis demonstrating deletion of the COL4A5/COL4A6 locus and the discovery of microscopic hematuria implied that the patient could transmit both diffuse leiomyomatosis and the Alport syndrome.[1]


  1. Diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis with perirectal involvement mimicking Hirschsprung disease. Guillem, P., Delcambre, F., Cohen-Solal, L., Triboulet, J.P., Antignac, C., Heidet, L., Quandalle, P. Gastroenterology (2001) [Pubmed]
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