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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human endometrial angiogenesis.

Angiogenesis is the development of new microvessels from existing vessels, a process that involves microvascular endothelial cells. Physiological angiogenesis rarely occurs in adults except in the ovary and endometrium during the reproductive life of females. Angiogenesis occurs by sprouting and non-sprouting mechanisms. Since endothelial sprouts are not observed in human endometrium, we hypothesized that non-sprouting mechanisms such as intussusception and elongation are involved in endometrial angiogenesis. The demand for angiogenesis differs spatially and temporally in the endometrium: angiogenesis occurs in the basalis layer during menstruation and in the functionalis and subepithelial capillary plexus during the proliferative and early secretory stages. Most studies have failed to demonstrate a link between expression of endometrial angiogenic factors and new vessel growth. However, we demonstrated recently a strong relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunolocalized in in-travascular neutrophils and endothelial cell proliferation in each of the subepithelial capillary plexus, functionalis and basalis regions of the human endometrium. Our data also indicate that focal neutrophil VEGF has a role in the development of the subepithelial capillary plexus and functionalis microvessels during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle. We propose that neutrophils are an intravascular source of VEGF for vessels that undergo angiogenesis by intussusception and elongation.[1]


  1. Human endometrial angiogenesis. Gargett, C.E., Rogers, P.A. Reproduction (2001) [Pubmed]
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