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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Whole-body and adipose tissue glucose metabolism in response to short-term fasting in lean and obese women.

BACKGROUND: Alterations in glucose metabolism during early fasting may be an important trigger of the hormonal and metabolic responses to fasting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether glucose metabolism in response to brief starvation differs in lean and abdominally obese women. DESIGN: We evaluated whole-body glucose metabolism by use of stable-isotope tracer methods and glucose uptake in subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue by use of arteriovenous balance in 7 lean [58 +/- 2 kg; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): 21 +/- 5] and 6 abdominally obese (96 +/- 2 kg; BMI: 36 +/- 1) women after 14 and 22 h of fasting. RESULTS: Between 14 and 22 h of fasting, whole-body glucose production and disposal declined in both groups (P < 0.05), but the reduction was 50% greater in lean than in obese women (P < 0.05). The decline in glucose uptake at 22 h of fasting was also lower in obese (0.11 +/- 0.04 micromol*100 g(-1) x min(-1)) than in lean (0.26 +/- 0.03 micromol x 100 g(-1) x min(-1)) women (P < 0.05). Decreases in plasma insulin and leptin concentrations between 14 and 22 h of fasting were also lower in obese than in lean women (insulin: 20 +/- 3% and 32 +/- 5%; leptin: 18 +/- 3% and 37 +/- 6%; both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The normal decline in glucose production and uptake that occurs during early fasting is blunted in women with abdominal obesity. These alterations in glucose metabolism are associated with a blunted decline in circulating concentrations of both insulin and leptin, which may explain some of the differences in the metabolic response to fasting observed between lean and abdominally obese persons.[1]


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