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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analysis of the pobA and pobR genes controlling expression of p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase in Azotobacter chroococcum.

We report the cloning and analysis of a gene and its cognate regulatory element from a member of the Azotobacteriaceae which are involved in the breakdown of an aromatic compound. The genes from Azotobacter chroococcum encoding p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase (pobA) and its regulatory protein (pobR) were cloned from a genomic library and sequenced. Sequence analysis of pobA revealed homology with other bacterial p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase enzymes. Residues essential to the structure and function of the enzyme have been conserved. The pobR gene encodes a DNA binding regulatory protein with similarity to proteins from the AraC/XylS family of transcriptional activators. A fragment containing both pobA and pobR was cloned into pUC19 and p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase activity was induced in Escherichia coli by the addition of p-hydroxybenzoate. A frame-shift mutation introduced into the pobR gene prevented expression of p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase, indicating that PobR is the protein required for transcription of pobA. Interestingly, A. chroococcum PobR has no homology to the PobR protein that is the transcriptional activator of pobA in Acinetobacter strain ADP1, a protein that is homologous to the IclR family of transcriptional regulators. However, PobR from A. chroococcum is homologous to several other proteins, suggesting that these proteins will also function as transcriptional activators of pobA.[1]


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