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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunolocalization of the calcium binding S100A1, S100A5 and S100A6 proteins in the dog cochlea during postnatal development.

The immunolocalization of three members of the S100 calcium-binding protein family was investigated in the dog cochlea during normal postnatal development. Sections of decalcified and paraffin-embedded cochleae from 16 beagle puppies aged from birth to 3 months were treated with polyclonal antisera raised against the human recombinant S100A1, S100A5, and S100A6 proteins. At birth, in the dog cochlea, S100A1 was expressed in the immature Deiter's cells, and slightly in the pillar cells. From the second week, S100A1 was detected in the supporting structures of the organ of Corti, i.e. the Deiter's, the pillar, the border, and the Hensen's cells, and in the reticular membrane. From birth onwards, S100A5 remained a neuronal-specific protein, only located in a subpopulation of neurons in the spiral ganglion. S100A6 was not expressed at birth. From the second week of life, the Schwann cells and nerve sheaths in the modiolus, in the spiral ganglion, and running in the direction of the organ of Corti exhibited S100A6-labeling. From the 12th postnatal day, some scattered intermediate cells started to express S100A6 protein in the stria vascularis. The number of labeled intermediate cells increased during the third week. At adult stage, the intermediate cells were S100A6-stained with cytoplasmic labeling throughout the stria vascularis from the base to the apex of the cochlea. None of the other cochlear structures expressed the S100 proteins under study during the postnatal development of the dog cochlea. The S100A1, S100A5, S100A6 immunostaining was limited to specific cell types in dog cochlea. These S100 proteins were useful markers in the study of supporting cells, neurons, nerve fibers sheaths and stria vascularis (S100A6) during the normal postnatal development of the dog cochlea.[1]


  1. Immunolocalization of the calcium binding S100A1, S100A5 and S100A6 proteins in the dog cochlea during postnatal development. Coppens, A.G., Kiss, R., Heizmann, C.W., Schäfer, B.W., Poncelet, L. Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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