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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The inhibitory effects of ginsenosides on protein tyrosine kinase activated by hypoxia/reoxygenation in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

27 individual ginsenosides and aglycones, together with five extracts from ginseng roots, ginseng leaves, American ginseng roots, American ginseng leaves and non-saponin fraction from roots of Panax ginseng, were tested for their effects on protein tyrosine kinase ( PTK) activation induced by an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The results indicated that ginsenoside-Rb1 (3), -Rd (7), -Ra1 (1) and -Ro (27) showed significant inhibitory effects on PTK activation induced by H/R. Dose-response experiments revealed that ginsenoside-Rb1 was the most active compound and it completely blocked PTK activation at a wide range of concentrations. Most protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides and some protopanaxatriol-type saponins also showed significant effects on PTK activation. However, the crude extracts did not protect against H/R-induced PTK activation.[1]


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