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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide type 1 receptor in human bone.

The parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH/PTHrP) receptor (denoted as PTH-1R) is a key signaling factor through which calcium-regulating hormones PTH and PTHrP exert their effects on bone. There are contradictory reports regarding the capability of osteoclasts to express PTH-1R. To address this issue in humans, bone biopsy specimen samples from 9 normal controls and 16 patients with moderate to severe secondary renal hyperparathyroid bone disease (2 degrees HPT) with elevated PTH levels were studied to determine whether osteoclasts in the bone microenvironment express PTH-1R messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein. We report that osteoclasts express the PTH-1R mRNA but the protein is detected only in patients with 2 degrees HPT. The PTH-1R mRNA and protein also were found in osteoblasts, osteocytes, and bone marrow cells. Receptor expression was higher in osteoclasts and osteoblasts of patients with 2 degrees HPT than normal controls (98.0 +/- 1.1% vs. 65.7 +/- 14.3% and 65.8 +/- 3.4% vs. 39.1 +/- 6.2%; p < 0.01, respectively). Approximately half of osteoclasts found in bone of patients with 2 degrees HPT have the PTH-1R protein. In patients with 2 degrees HPT, a positive relationship exists between erosion depth, a parameter of osteoclastic activity, and the percentage of osteoclasts with PTH-1R protein (r = 0.58; p < 0.05). In normal controls, an inverse relationship exists between the percentage of osteoblasts with receptor mRNA, mRNA signals/cell, and serum PTH levels (r = -0.82 and p < 0.05 and r = -0.78 and p < 0.01, respectively). The results provide the novel evidence of PTH-1R in human osteoclasts and suggest a functional role for the receptors in 2 degrees HPT.[1]


  1. Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide type 1 receptor in human bone. Langub, M.C., Monier-Faugere, M.C., Qi, Q., Geng, Z., Koszewski, N.J., Malluche, H.H. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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