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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific localization of lysosomal aminopeptidases in type II alveolar epithelial cells of the rat lung.

We previously demonstrated that lysosomal cysteine proteinases, cathepsins B, H, and L were localized in lysosomes of alveolar macrophages and bronchial epithelial cells in the rat lung, while cathepsin H, a typical aminopeptidase, was additionally distributed in lamellar bodies containing surfactant in type II alveolar epithelial cells (ISHII et al., 1991). The present immunohistochemical study further examined the localization of lysosomal aminopeptidases, cathepsin C, and tripeptidyl peptidase I (TPP-I) in the rat lung. Western blotting confirmed the presence of cathepsin C and TPP-I as active forms in the pulmonary tissue, showing 25 kD and 47 kD, respectively. Immunohisto/cytochemical observations demonstrated that positive staining for cathepsin C and TPP-I was more intensely localized in alveolar epithelial regions than in bronchial or bronchiolar epithelial cells. By double immunostaining using confocal laser microscopy, immunoreactivity for cathepsin H was found to be co-localized with that for cathepsin C or TPP-I in both type II cells and macrophages. Moreover, when doubly stained with anti-cathepsin C and ED2, single-positive type II cells could be clearly distinguished from double-positive macrophages in the alveolar region. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed the gold labeling of cathepsin C or TPP-I in multivesicular and composite bodies, and lamellar bodies of Type II cells. These results showing that lysosomal aminopeptidases such as cathepsin H, cathepsin C and TPP-I are localized in lamellar bodies of type II alveolar epithelial cells strongly argue for the participation of lysosomal aminopeptidases in the formation process of surfactant containing specific proteins.[1]


  1. Specific localization of lysosomal aminopeptidases in type II alveolar epithelial cells of the rat lung. Yayoi, Y., Ohsawa, Y., Koike, M., Zhang, G., Kominami, E., Uchiyama, Y. Arch. Histol. Cytol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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