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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of 5-hydroxytryptamine1A and 5-hydroxytryptamine1B receptors in modulating spinal nociceptive transmission in normal and carrageenan-injected rats.

Single unit extracellular recordings from the dorsal horn neurons were obtained with glass micropipettes in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats. A total of 115 wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons were studied in 94 rats. In normal rats, the size of nociceptive receptive fields (RFs) of WDR neurons was approximately 123.3 +/- 8.21 mm2 (n = 88). Following carrageenan-induced inflammation, the RFs were markedly enlarged (332.4 +/- 30.1 mm2, n = 27, P < 0.001). The frequency of background activity of the WDR neurons in carrageenan-injected rats (11.3 +/- 2.1 imp/s, n = 27) was greater than that in normal rats (7.1 +/- 0.8 imp/s, n = 88, P < 0.05). In 82% of WDR neurons in normal rats, there was a separation between the A- and C-responses. In contrast, in 67% of the neurons in carrageenan-injected rats, the response to suprathreshold electrical stimuli was a long train with no separation between the A- and C-responses. In carrageenan-injected rats, the magnitude and duration of the nociceptive responses were significantly increased compared to those in normal rats, and the average C-response threshold (7.7 +/- 1.1 mA, n = 27) was lower than that in normal rats (10.4 +/- 0.7 mA, n = 88, P < 0.05). Intrathecal injection of the 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) (5-HT1A) receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-DPAT hydroxybromide (8-OH-DPAT) (0.305, 1.525, 3.05, and 15.25 mM) dose-dependently increased Adelta- and C-responses and post-discharge in most of the WDR neurons. Following carrageenan-induced inflammation, the 8-OH-DPAT-induced facilitatory effect on Adelta- and C-responses and post-discharge was significantly enhanced (P < 0.05). Intrathecal injection of the 5-hydroxytryptamine1B (5-HT1) receptor agonist CGS12066A (0.222, 1.11, 2.22, and 11.1 mM) dose-dependently enhanced the C-response and post-discharge without influencing the Adelta-response. In carrageenan-injected rats, CGS12066A not only enhanced the facilitatory effect on the C-response and post-discharge, but also facilitated the Adelta-response. Intrathecal injection of the 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist NAN-190 (0.2 mM) alone did not influence Adelta- and C-responses and post-discharge of WDR neurons in normal rats. When 0.2 mM NAN-190 was co-administered with 3.05 mM 8-OH-DPAT, the facilitatory effect of 8-OH-DPAT on Adelta- and C-responses and post-discharge was completely antagonized, whereas CGS12066A-induced facilitation on the C-response and post-discharge was not influenced by co-administration of 0.2 mM NAN-190 and CGS12066A. These data suggest that 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor subtypes mediate the facilitatory effect of 5-HT on nociceptive processing in the spinal cord of rats. The excitability of dorsal horn WDR neurons and the sensitivity of the neurons to intrathecal 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor agonists might increase following carrageenan-induced inflammation.[1]


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