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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Oxidative damage to proteins and decrease of antioxidant capacity in patients with varicocele.

To examine oxidative damage to blood proteins in the spermatic vein and seminal plasma antioxidant capacity of patients with varicocele, 30 young male patients with varicocele (group 1), 25 young male patients with subclinical varicocele (group 2), and 15 normal young males without varicocele (group 3) were recruited in this study. Varicocele and subclinical varicocele were confirmed by physical examination and Doppler ultrasonography. Blood samples were drawn from peripheral and spermatic veins before varicocelectomy. Plasma protein carbonyls were measured by a spectrophotometric assay after reacting with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. Protein thiols and ascorbic acid of seminal plasma were measured by spectrophotometric methods. We found that plasma protein carbonyls in the spermatic veins were significantly higher than those of corresponding peripheral veins in all 30 patients in group 1 and 12 patients in group 2 receiving varicocelectomy. Protein carbonyls in the spermatic veins of patients with varicocele (3.72 +/- 0.56 nmole/mg protein) and patients with subclinical varicocele (3.50 +/- 0.30 nmole/mg protein) were found to be higher than those of the control (2.35 +/- 0.33 nmole/mg protein). Protein thiols were 0.97 +/- 0.96, 1.50 +/- 0.89, and 3.49 +/- 0.81 nmole/ml, and ascorbic acid levels were 1.87 +/- 0.42, 2.13 +/- 0.24, and 2.38 +/- 0.07 mg/dl, in seminal plasma of the patients in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Seminal plasma protein thiols and ascorbic acid levels in group 1 were significantly lower than those in groups 2 and 3, respectively. These results indicate that oxidative stress in the patients with varicocele and subclinical varicocele was higher than that of the control. We suggest that plasma protein carbonyls, and protein thiols and ascorbic acid of seminal plasma are useful markers for the assessment of oxidative stress in patients with varicocele and subclinical varicocele.[1]

References

  1. Oxidative damage to proteins and decrease of antioxidant capacity in patients with varicocele. Chen, S.S., Chang, L.S., Wei, Y.H. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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