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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Preimplantation diagnosis for Fanconi anemia combined with HLA matching.

CONTEXT: The advent of single-cell polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has presented the opportunity for combined preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and HLA antigen testing. This is a novel and useful way to preselect a potential donor for an affected sibling requiring stem cell transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To perform in vitro fertilization ( IVF) and preimplantation HLA matching combined with PGD for Fanconi anemia (FA). DESIGN: DNA analysis for the IVS 4 + 4 A-->T (adenine to thymine) mutation in the FA complement C (FANCC) gene in single blastomeres, obtained by biopsy of embryos, to identify genetic status and HLA markers of each embryo before intrauterine transfer. SETTING: In vitro fertilization programs at large medical centers in Chicago, Ill, and Denver, Colo. PARTICIPANTS: A couple, both carriers of the IVS 4 + 4 A-->T mutation in the FANCC gene with an affected child requiring an HLA-compatible donor for cord blood transplantation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: DNA analysis of single blastomeres to preselect unaffected embryos representing an HLA match for the affected sibling. RESULTS: Of 30 embryos tested in 4 IVF attempts, 6 were homozygous affected and 24 were unaffected. Five of these embryos were also found to be HLA-compatible, of which 2 were transferred in the first and 1 in each of the other 3 cycles, resulting in a pregnancy and birth of an unaffected child in the last cycle. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first PGD with HLA matching, demonstrating feasibility of preselecting unaffected embryos that can also be an HLA-compatible source for stem cell transplantation for a sibling.[1]


  1. Preimplantation diagnosis for Fanconi anemia combined with HLA matching. Verlinsky, Y., Rechitsky, S., Schoolcraft, W., Strom, C., Kuliev, A. JAMA (2001) [Pubmed]
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