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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dominant bovine ovarian follicular cysts express increased levels of messenger RNAs for luteinizing hormone receptor and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase delta(4),delta(5) isomerase compared to normal dominant follicles.

The objective was to compare ovarian steroids and expression of mRNAs encoding cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage, cytochrome P450 17 alpha-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 aromatase, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase Delta(4),Delta(5) isomerase, LH, and FSH receptors and estrogen receptor-beta in ovaries of cows with dominant and nondominant ovarian follicular cysts and in normal dominant follicles. Estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, and androstenedione concentrations were determined in follicular fluid using specific RIAs. Dominant cysts were larger than young cysts or dominant follicles, whereas nondominant cysts were intermediate. Estradiol-17 beta (ng/ml) and total steroids (ng/follicle) were higher in dominant cysts than in dominant follicles. Expression of LH receptor and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNAs was higher in granulosa cells of dominant cysts than in dominant follicles. Nondominant cysts had higher follicular concentrations of progesterone, lower estradiol-17 beta concentrations, and lower expression of steroidogenic enzyme, gonadotropin receptor, and estrogen receptor-beta mRNAs than other groups. In summary, increased expression of LH receptor and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNAs in granulosa and increased follicular estradiol-17 beta concentrations were associated with dominant cysts compared to dominant follicles. Study of cysts at known developmental stages is useful in identifying alterations in follicular steroidogenesis.[1]


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