The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The pharmacokinetics of cisatracurium in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Continuous neuromuscular blockade is often necessary in patients being treated for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to optimize oxygenation. In this study, neuromuscular blockade (no response to two responses at the train-of-four stimulation at the orbicularis oculi muscle) was achieved in six patients with ARDS by a continuous infusion of cisatracurium. The plasma concentration of cisatracurium during the infusion averaged 1.00 (0.25-1.45) microg/mL, expressed as median (range). The clearance and half-life were 6.5 (3.3-7.6) mL. min(-1). kg(-1) and 25 (16-48) min, respectively. The laudanosine plasma concentrations were 0.70 (0.12-1.20) microg/mL. The pharmacokinetic variables of cisatracurium are similar to those of patients without organ failure undergoing elective surgery. Plasma laudanosine levels always remained well less that those associated with seizure activity in animal models. Long-term infusion of cisatracurium was not associated with any side effects. Cisatracurium is a suitable muscle relaxant when deep and continuous levels of muscle relaxation are required in patients treated for ARDS. IMPLICATIONS: We studied the pharmacokinetics of cisatracurium in six patients treated for respiratory distress syndrome by continuous muscle relaxation. A deep degree of neuromuscular blockade corresponding to abolition of two responses at the orbicularis oculi to train-of-four stimulation was obtained in all patients. The pharmacokinetic variables observed in these severely ill patients were similar to those of anesthetized patients. No accumulation of laudanosine was seen. Cisatracurium appears to be suitable when continuous muscle relaxation is required in critically ill patients.[1]


  1. The pharmacokinetics of cisatracurium in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Dhonneur, G., Cerf, C., Lagneau, F., Mantz, J., Gillotin, C., Duvaldestin, P. Anesth. Analg. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities