The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

New trends in peptide receptor radioligands.

The high level expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTR) on various tumor cells has provided the molecular basis for successful use of radiolabeled octreotide/lanreotide analogs as tumor tracers in nuclear medicine. The vast majority of human tumors seem to overexpress the one or the other of five distinct hSSTR sub-type receptors. Whereas neuroendocrine tumors frequently overexpress hSSTR2, intestinal adenocarcinomas seem to over-express more often hSSTR3 or hSSTR4, or both of these hSSTR. In contrast to 111In-DTPA-DPhe1-octreotide (OCTREOSCAN) which binds to hSSTR2 and 5 with high affinity (Kd 0.1-5 nM), to hSSTR3 with moderate affinity (Kd 10-100 nM) and does not bind to hSSTR1 and hSSTR4, 111In/90Y-DOTA-lanreotide was found to bind to hSSTR2, 3, 4, and 5 with high affinity, and to hSSTR1 with lower affinity (Kd 200 nM). Based on its unique hSSTR binding profile, 111In-DOTA-lanreotide was suggested to be a potential radioligand for tumor diagnosis, and 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide suitable for receptor-mediated radionuclide therapy. As opposed to 111In-DTPA-DPhe1-octreotide and 111In-DOTA-DPhe1-Tyr3-octreotide, discrepancies in the scintigraphic results were seen in about one third of (neuroendocrine) tumor patients concerning both the tumor uptake as well as detection of tumor lesions. On a molecular level, these discrepancies seem to be based on a "higher" high-affinity binding of 111In-DOTA-DPhe1-Tyr3-octreotide to hSSTR2. Other somatostatin analogs with divergent affinity to the five known hSSTR subtype receptors have also found their way into the clinics, including 99mTc-HYNIC-octreotide or 99mTc-depreotide (NEOSPECT; NEOTECT). Most of the imaging results are reported for neuroendocrine tumors (octreotide analogs) or non-small cell lung cancer (99mTc-depreotide), indicating high diagnostic capability of this type of receptor tracers. Consequently to their use as receptor imaging agents, hSSTR recognizing radioligands have also been implemented for experimental receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy. The study "MAURITIUS" (MulticenterAnalysis of a Universal Receptor Imaging and Treatment Initiative, a eUropean Study), a Phase IIa study, showed in patients with a calculated tumor dose >10 Gy/GBq 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide, the proof-of-principle for treating tumor patients with receptor imaging agents. Overall treatment results in >60 patients indicated stable tumor disease in roughly 35% of patients and regressive disease in 15% of tumor patients with different tumor entities. No acute or chronic severe hematological toxicity, change in renal or liver function parameters due to 90Y-DOTA-lanreotide, was reported. 90In-DOTA-DPhe1-Tyr3-octreotide may show a higher tumor uptake in neuroendocrine tumor lesions and may therefore provide even better treatment results in tumor patients, but there is only limited excess to long-term and survival data at present. Besides newer approaches and recent developments of 188Re-labeled radioligands no clinical results on the treatment response is available yet. In conclusion, several radioligands have been implemented on the basis of peptide receptor recognition throughout the last decade. A plentitude of preclinical data and clinical studies confirm "proof-of-principle" for their use in diagnosis as well as therapy of cancer patients. However, an optimal radiopeptide formulation does not yet exist for receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy.[1]


  1. New trends in peptide receptor radioligands. Virgolini, I., Traub, T., Novotny, C., Leimer, M., Füger, B., Li, S.R., Patri, P., Pangerl, T., Angelberger, P., Raderer, M., Andreae, F., Kurtaran, A., Dudczak, R. The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine : official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR). (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities