The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycated high-density lipoprotein induces apoptosis of endothelial cells via a mitochondrial dysfunction.

Glycation of plasma proteins may contribute to an excess risk of developing atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus. Although it is believed that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is nonenzymatically glycosylated at an increased level in diabetic individuals, little is known about a possible linkage between glycated HDL and endothelium dysfunction in diabetes. This study set out to clarify whether glucose-modified HDL affects the function of endothelial cells by examining the apoptosis of cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) exposed to a glycated-oxidized HDL (gly-ox-HDL) prepared in vitro. Incubation of HAECs with 100 microg/ml of gly-ox-HDL for 48 h showed apoptotic features, such as cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing, and concentration and fragmentation of the nucleus, and the degree of apoptosis was dose-dependent on the glucose used in the preparation of gly-ox-HDL. Stimulation of HAECs with gly-ox-HDL elicited a marked increase in caspase 3 activity and the expressions of active caspase 3 and caspase 9, whereas concomitant treatment with a caspase 3 inhibitor significantly blocked gly-ox-HDL-induced apoptosis of HAECs. The release of cytochrome c into cytosols markedly increased in HAECs during the treatment with gly-ox-HDL. The increased expressions of Bax and Bad were detected in HAECs incubated for 24 h with gly-ox-HDL, but gly-ox-HDL failed to interfere with the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x. Moreover, in vitro experiments with HDL (gly-HDL) glycated in the presence of 2 mM EDTA and Cu(2+)-oxidized HDL suggested that the apoptotic effect of gly-ox-HDL on endothelial cells might be due to an additional oxidative modification of gly-HDL. Taken altogether, additional oxidation of HDL under hyperglycemic conditions may induce endothelial apoptosis through a mitochondrial dysfunction, following the deterioration of vascular function.[1]


  1. Glycated high-density lipoprotein induces apoptosis of endothelial cells via a mitochondrial dysfunction. Matsunaga, T., Iguchi, K., Nakajima, T., Koyama, I., Miyazaki, T., Inoue, I., Kawai, S., Katayama, S., Hirano, K., Hokari, S., Komoda, T. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities