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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Matrix metalloproteinases: a role in the contraction of vitreo-retinal scar tissue.

The most common cause of failure of retinal reattachment surgery is formation of fibrocellular contractile membranes on both surfaces of the neuroretina. This intraocular fibrosis, known as proliferative vitreoretinopathy, results in a blinding tractional retinal detachment because of the contractile nature of the membrane. Contractility is a cell-mediated event that is thought to be dependent on locomotion and adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix can be influenced by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and we investigated the role of MMPs in two in vitro models (two- and three-dimensional) of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell-mediated contraction. MMP activity was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and zymography techniques that revealed MMP-1, -2, -3, and -9 positivity during the collagen matrix contraction assays. RPE-populated collagen matrix contraction (three-dimensional) was inhibited using a cocktail of anti-MMP antibodies and with Galardin (a broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor). Galardin inhibition was dose-dependent, reversible, and dependent on cell number. MMP inhibitors had no effect on contraction when RPEs were seeded on two-dimensional collagen matrices or on cellular adhesion to collagen type I. Our results suggest that MMP activity may be required for three-dimensional but not two-dimensional RPE-collagen matrix contraction.[1]


  1. Matrix metalloproteinases: a role in the contraction of vitreo-retinal scar tissue. Sheridan, C.M., Occleston, N.L., Hiscott, P., Kon, C.H., Khaw, P.T., Grierson, I. Am. J. Pathol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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