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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nutritional aspects of nitric oxide: human health implications and therapeutic opportunities.

Nitric oxide (NO), the most potent natural vasorelaxant known, has close historical ties to cardiovascular physiology, despite NO's rich physiologic chemistry as an ubiquitous, signal-transducing radical. Aspects of NO biology critical to gastrointestinal health and, consequently, nutritional status are increasingly being recognized. Attempts are underway to exploit the gastrointestinal actions of NO for therapeutic gain. Cross-talk between NO and micronutrients within and outside the gastrointestinal system affects the establishment or progression of several diseases with pressing medical needs. These concepts imply that NO biology can influence nutrition and be nutritionally modulated to affect mammalian (patho)physiology. At least four nutritional facets of NO biology are at the forefront of contemporary biomedical research: 1) NO as modulator of feeding behavior and mediator of gastrointestinal homeostasis; 2) NO supplementation as a therapeutic modality for preserving gastrointestinal health; 3) interactions among elemental micronutrients (e.g., zinc), NO, and inflammation as potential contributors to diarrheal disease; and 4) vitamin micronutrients (e.g., vitamins E and C) as protectors of NO-dependent vascular function. Discussion of extant data on these topics prompts speculation that future research will broaden NO's nutritional role as an integrative signaling molecule supporting gastrointestinal and nutritional well-being.[1]


  1. Nutritional aspects of nitric oxide: human health implications and therapeutic opportunities. Janero, D.R. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) (2001) [Pubmed]
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