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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GSTZ1d: a new allele of glutathione transferase zeta and maleylacetoacetate isomerase.

The zeta class glutathione transferases (GSTs) are known to catalyse the isomerization of maleylacetoacetate (MAA) to fumarylacetoacetate ( FAA), and the biotransformation of dichloroacetic acid to glyoxylate. A new allele of human GSTZ1, characterized by a Thr82Met substitution and termed GSTZ1d, has been identified by analysis of the expressed sequence tag (EST) database. In European Australians, GSTZ1d occurs with a frequency of 0.16. Like GSTZ1b-1b and GSTZ1c-1c, the new isoform has low activity with dichloroacetic acid compared with GSTZ1a-1a. The low activity appears to be due to a high sensitivity to substrate inhibition. The maleylacetoacetate isomerase (MAAI) activity of all known variants was compared using maleylacetone as a substrate. Significant differences in activity were noted, with GSTZ1a-1a having a notably lower catalytic efficiency. The unusual catalytic properties of GSTZ1a-1a in both reactions suggest that its characteristic arginine at position 42 plays a significant role in the regulation of substrate access and/or product release. The different amino acid substitutions have been mapped on to the recently determined crystal structure of GSTZ1-1 to evaluate and explain their influence on function.[1]


  1. GSTZ1d: a new allele of glutathione transferase zeta and maleylacetoacetate isomerase. Blackburn, A.C., Coggan, M., Tzeng, H.F., Lantum, H., Polekhina, G., Parker, M.W., Anders, M.W., Board, P.G. Pharmacogenetics (2001) [Pubmed]
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