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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cutting edge: induction of follicular homing precedes effector Th cell development.

Transition from naive to Ag-experienced effector/memory CD4+ T cells is initiated during contact with APC in secondary lymphoid tissue. Here, we demonstrate that the CXCR5 is a marker for recently activated memory CD4+ T cells. CXCR5 is rapidly induced during contact with Ag-presenting dendritic cells, well before T cell expansion and effector cell development, and is irreversibly lost on terminally differentiated effector cells. Furthermore, immunization of human volunteers with a recall Ag results in rapid accumulation of Ag-responsive, CXCR5-expressing CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood. Early acquisition of a new migration program enables T zone CD4+ T cells to develop into follicular B helper T cells or, alternatively, into circulating memory CD4+ T cells. Together, CXCR5 unequivocally defines pre-effector memory CD4+ T cells generated during ongoing immune responses.[1]


  1. Cutting edge: induction of follicular homing precedes effector Th cell development. Schaerli, P., Loetscher, P., Moser, B. J. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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