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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional regulation of glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase 1 (GFAT1) of Drosophila melanogaster in a UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and cAMP-dependent manner.

Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase (GFAT; EC expression is tightly regulated in the context of amino sugar synthesis in many organisms from yeast to humans by transcriptional and post-translational processes. We have cloned the cDNA of the GFAT1 of Drosophila melanogaster (Dmel/Gfat1). One of the two putative protein kinase A ( PKA) phosphorylation sites proposed for the regulation of human GFAT1 [Zhou, Huynh, Hoffmann, Crook, Daniels, Gulve and McClain (1998) Diabetes 47, 1836-1840] is conserved in Dmel/GFAT1. In the other one the reactive serine has been converted to a cysteine, making further access by PKA unlikely. The Dmel/Gfat1 gene is localized at position 81F on the right arm of chromosome 3. By whole-mount in situ hybridization specific expression of Dmel/GFAT1 was detected in embryonic chitin-synthesizing tissues and in the corpus cells of salivary glands from late third larval instar. Expressing Dmel/GFAT1 in yeast we showed that Dmel/GFAT1 activity is controlled by UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and PKA in the yeast total protein extract system. We propose a model for the independent regulation of the Dmel/GFAT1 enzyme by feedback inhibition and PKA.[1]


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