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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of streptozocin diabetes and diabetes treatment by islet transplantation on in vivo insulin signaling in rat heart.

The insulin signaling cascade was investigated in rat myocardium in vivo in the presence of streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and after diabetes treatment by islet transplantation under the kidney capsule. The levels of insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor beta-subunit, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-2, and p52(Shc) were increased in diabetic compared with control heart, whereas tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 was unchanged. The amount of the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and the level of PI 3-kinase activity associated with IRS-2 were also elevated in diabetes, whereas no changes in IRS-1- associated PI 3-kinase were observed. Insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt on Thr-308 was increased fivefold in diabetic heart, whereas Akt phosphorylation on Ser-473 was normal. In contrast with Akt phosphorylation, insulin-induced phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3, a major cellular substrate of Akt, was markedly reduced in diabetes. In islet-transplanted rats, the majority of the alterations in insulin-signaling proteins found in diabetic rats were normalized, but insulin stimulation of IRS-2 tyrosine phosphorylation and association with PI 3-kinase was blunted. In conclusion, in the diabetic heart, 1) IRS-1, IRS-2, and p52(Shc) are differently altered, 2) the levels of Akt phosphorylation on Ser-473 and Thr-308, respectively, are not coordinately regulated, and 3) the increased activity of proximal-signaling proteins (i.e., IRS-2 and PI 3-kinase) is not propagated distally to GSK-3. Islet transplantation under the kidney capsule is a potentially effective therapy to correct several diabetes-induced abnormalities of insulin signaling in cardiac muscle but does not restore the responsiveness of all signaling reactions to insulin.[1]


  1. Effects of streptozocin diabetes and diabetes treatment by islet transplantation on in vivo insulin signaling in rat heart. Laviola, L., Belsanti, G., Davalli, A.M., Napoli, R., Perrini, S., Weir, G.C., Giorgino, R., Giorgino, F. Diabetes (2001) [Pubmed]
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