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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of sustained hyperoxia on revascularization in experimental retinopathy of prematurity.

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of prolonged hyperoxia on vascular recovery and glia survival after experimentally induced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the mouse. METHODS: The effects of hyperoxia on revascularization and vitreous neovascularization were compared between mice raised in 75% oxygen from postnatal day (P)7 to P12, followed by room air recovery and mice raised in 75% oxygen from P7 to P27. The status of astrocytes and Müller cells was evaluated by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunohistochemistry on retinal wholemounts and serial sections. A window of susceptibility to oxygen-induced vaso-obliteration was defined by comparing the extent of retinal vaso-obliteration resulting from 2 days of hyperoxia beginning on P7, P9, P11, P13, or P15. RESULTS: Oxygen-induced vaso-obliteration of retinal capillaries was limited to the period between birth and P15. Paradoxically, revascularization was markedly accelerated and neovascularization markedly reduced in mice maintained in prolonged hyperoxia (P7- P27) compared with mice recovering in room air. The extended use of 75% oxygen during the recovery period was associated with preservation of astrocytes and Müller cells in the avascular retina. CONCLUSIONS: The antiangiogenic effect of hyperoxia on retinal capillaries is strongly dependent on postnatal age. A protocol of continuous 75% supplemental oxygen accelerates recovery of inner retinal vasculature and prevents vitreous neovascularization, by a mechanism that may involve preservation of inner retinal glia.[1]


  1. Effects of sustained hyperoxia on revascularization in experimental retinopathy of prematurity. Gu, X., Samuel, S., El-Shabrawey, M., Caldwell, R.B., Bartoli, M., Marcus, D.M., Brooks, S.E. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
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