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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interactions of dietary fat and 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol on energy metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes.

The fructose analog 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol (2,5-AM) stimulates feeding in rats by reducing ATP content in the liver. These behavioral and metabolic effects occur with rats fed a high-carbohydrate/low-fat (HC/LF) diet, but they are prevented or attenuated when the animals eat high-fat/low-carbohydrate (HF/LC) food. To examine the metabolic bases for this effect of diet, we assessed the actions of 2,5-AM on ATP content, oxygen consumption, and substrate oxidation in isolated hepatocytes from rats fed one of the two diets. Compared with cells from rats fed the HC/LF diet ("HC/LF" cells), cells from rats fed the HF/LC diet ("HF/LC" cells) had similar ATP contents but lower oxygen consumption, decreased fructose, and increased palmitate oxidation. 2,5-AM did not decrease ATP content or oxygen consumption in HF/LC cells as much as it did in HC/LF hepatocytes, and it only affected fructose and palmitate oxidation in HC/LF cells. 31P-NMR spectroscopy indicated that differences in phosphate trapping accounted for differences in depletion of ATP by 2,5-AM. These results suggest that intake of the HF/LC diet prevents the eating response and attenuates the decline in liver ATP by shifting hepatocyte metabolism to favor fat over carbohydrate as an energy-yielding substrate.[1]


  1. Interactions of dietary fat and 2,5-anhydro-D-mannitol on energy metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes. Ji, H., Graczyk-Milbrandt, G., Osbakken, M.D., Friedman, M.I. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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